The foundation of the ideology of Solheimar derives from the visions and lifework of a pioneering young woman, Sesselja Hreindís Sigmundsdóttir. Her life was strongly influenced by Icelandic reality in the beginning of the 20th century, the anthroposophical theories of Rudolf Steiner and Christian values. Also having great influence were the studies of Dr. Karl König who, like Sesselja, stressed that people with special needs should share the same provisions as others whether it be at play or at work.
The heart of Solheimar ideology is the same as it was in July 1930, to give individuals fair chance and maximize the potential of every person. Solheimar creates the space and opportunities for each person to grow and develop, thus becoming an important and active participant in the community. The spirit of Solheimar is thus best embodied by the concept of reverse integration.
Sesselja focused on listening and attending to the needs in society and it is still just as important now as it was in 1930 to listen to the different voices of our society. Diversity is the strength of Solheimar. People with different/special needs will always be the center of the community. The true aim is to strengthen the qualities of each individual for everyone to be the director of their own story and thus the story of their community as much as possible throughout time. All service in Solheimar is based on the needs and wishes of each individual. Re-evaluation takes place on a regular basis to ensure that individuals still feel in control of what they do. A service contract is renewed annually between the residents and the Solheimar service team on behalf of the village as a whole.